Olea europaea 'Manzanillo'
Manzanillo Olive Tree
- Main interest:
- spanish olive, very good for oil production, small and "easy to remove" pit, large amount of flesh
- full sun
- Soil humidity:
- dry to moist soil; well drained
- Flower colour:
- Flowering period:
- green and silver
- USDA Hardiness:
- zone 8b: -10 °C (14 °F) View Zone Map
- Mature height & width (max.):
- height: 10 ft (3 m) width: 6 ft (1.8 m)
- container, specimen, orchard, fruit production
Olea europaea 'Manzanillo' is a Self-fertile Olive Tree according to some sources or not self-fertile according to others. It may or may not require a pollinator variety. However, planting other compatible varieties nearby could improve cross-pollination and so, the number and the size of the fruits. For cross-pollination it is recommended to plant one or two of the following varieties: 'Frantoio', 'Leccino', 'Pendolino', 'Arbequina', 'Barouni', 'Mission', 'Sevillano' & 'Ascolano'.
Manzanillo Olive Tree grows at a moderate pace and begins to bear fruits on fairly young plants (3 to 4 years old). Fruits can be harvested from October to November.
'Manzanillo' is the most important Spanish Olive Tree cultivar. Its olives are appreciated on the international markets for the recognizable shape of the fruit, the ease of removing the pit and for the excellent quality of the flesh.
The fruit is spherical in shape with an unusually small pit and a surprising large amount of flesh. It can be green or black depending on its ripeness level. The oil is very sweet and aromatic. This cultivar is probably the best one in terms of volume of olive oil production.
Olive Trees are moderately hardy (zone 8 or -10°C). It is recommended to grow them in large containers/planters in order to leave them outdoors in full sun during the warm season and bring them back indoors during the coldest months. In order to increase fruit production, Manzanillo Olive Tree requires 250 chill hours (or 250 hours with temperature below 10°C).
Also known as: Spanish Olive Tree, Unfruitful Olive Tree, Not Self-fertile Olive Tree, Not Self-pollinating Olive Tree